Land Policies to fight Inequality. Experiences of the Andean countries in the Decade of Action.
OCTOBER 12 - 04:00 P.M. LIMA
Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru share a common geography, history, problems, challenges and possibilities. All three countries have undergone agrarian reform processes which, among other objectives, sought to put an end to an inequitable organisation of land ownership in which a small number of landowners monopolised most of this resource (which in many cases included entire villages), while the majority of peasants were smallholders or had no land at all. Recent studies confirm that, despite the fact that Latin America is the region that has had the most land reforms, it is still the most unequal in the world: the top 10% of landowners control 75% of agricultural land, while 50% of those with the lowest incomes own less than 2%. In Ecuador, for example, although the reform has brought benefits to peasants, it has not significantly altered the land tenure structure.
Today, rural lands and territories are affected by land trafficking, mining concessions in the highlands and biofuel production on the coast and in the jungle. This pressure on land is detrimental to the rights of communities, indigenous peoples, family farmers and women.
In this session we will reflect on the status of land tenure and rural territories in these three Andean countries. We will analyze the public policies aimed at their access and propose to guarantee their ownership and control by rural populations, and the challenges that the governments of Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru have to advance in the achievement of the SDGs, specifically those related to secure access to land for men and women from rural territories. These issues acquire main relevance in a context of launching the Second Agrarian Reform in Peru, which focuses on the development of family agriculture with an emphasis on rural women.
A panel of experts from Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru will present the progress and challenges that remain in relation to land tenure policies implemented in these countries. We will also have a regional perspective from the analysis of a representative of the Andean Parliament, who will also present the measures that this regional legislative space is seeking to promote.
DATE AND TIME
- 04:00 p.m. Lima, Quito, Bogotá and Panama City
- 05:00 p.m. La Paz
- 06:00 p.m. Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Asuncion and Brasilia
- 03:00 p.m. Central America
Spanish and simultaneous translation into English and Portuguese.
Welcome, moderation, conclusion and closing
- Amparo Cerrato, Land Officer of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Diagnosis of land policy and land policy and structure in Ecuador.
- Melissa Ramos, Investigator of the Research System on Agrarian Problems in Ecuador (SIPAE)
Analysis of public land policies in Bolivia.
- Oscar Bazoberry, South American Institute for Rural Development (IPDRS)
Progress and challenges in public land policies in Peru.
- Laureano del Castillo , Centro Peruano de Estudios Sociales (CEPES)
State of land tenure and rural territories in the Andean countries and actions to be promoted by the Andean Parliament.
- Mirian Liduvina Cisneros, Andean Parliamentarian for the Republic of Ecuador (Ecuador)
Round of questions and answers
Conclusions and closing